The Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency

The importance of energy monitoring solutions and measuring instruments

The Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency

On 25 October 2012, the EU adopted the Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency.

This Directive establishes a common framework of measures for the promotion of energy efficiency within the Union in order to ensure the achievement of the Union’s 2020 20 % headline target on energy efficiency and to pave the way for further energy efficiency improvements beyond that date. It lays down rules designed to remove barriers in the energy market and overcome market failures that impede efficiency in the supply and use of energy, and provides for the establishment of indicative national energy efficiency targets for 2020.

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Each Member State shall set an indicative national energy efficiency target based on the parameters set in the Directive and shall notify those targets to the Commission.

From 30 April 2013 onwards, Member States shall report each year on the progress achieved towards their national 2020 energy efficiency targets.

By 30 April 2014, and every three years thereafter, Member States shall submit National Energy Efficiency Action Plans.

General Measures

Member States shall set up measures in order to use energy more efficiently at all stages of energy chain, from the transformation of energy and its distribution to its final consumption. These measures include energy efficiency obligations schemes, the exemplary role to be played by the public sector and consumers’ right to have exact information on their energy consumption. Some of these measures are listed as follows:

  • Setting up of an energy efficiency obligation scheme ensuring that energy distributors and/or retail energy sales companies that are designated as obligated parties achieve a cumulative end-use energy savings
  • Renovation of the national stock of residential and commercial buildings, both public and private
  • Purchasing by public bodies of products, services, buildings with high energy-efficiency performance
  • Obligation for energy distributors and retail energy sales companies to reduce annual energy sales to final customers
  • Promotion of availability of cost-effective energy audits for final customers
  • Provision of individual meters reflecting the final customer’s actual total energy consumption
  • Give consumers access to clear and precise information on metering and billing
  • Promotion of efficiency in heating and cooling
  • Guarantee highly efficient energy transformation, transmission and distribution